Women have double the risk of developing urinary incontinence compared to men because pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause affect the muscles that support urination. The skilled doctors at Mayfair Family Care in the Lincoln Square area of Chicago understand that urinary incontinence is an embarrassing problem that many people don’t like talking about, even with their doctor. But the Mayfair Family Care team have helped many women and men overcome incontinence and return to an active lifestyle. If you have urine leakage, call the office or schedule an appointment online today.
Urinary incontinence occurs when loss of bladder control causes urine leakage. There are two primary causes of urinary incontinence. First, the pelvic floor muscles that control urination can weaken. This problem typically occurs due to age-related changes, loss of estrogen at menopause, and the pressure of pregnancy and vaginal childbirth.
The second cause of urinary incontinence is loss of normal nerve function. As a result, muscle contractions in the bladder aren’t properly controlled.
There are three primary types of urinary incontinence:
Stress incontinence causes urine leakage when pressure is placed on your bladder. This may happen when you laugh, sneeze, cough, or when you engage in physical exercise. Stress incontinence typically develops due to pelvic floor weakness.
Also called overactive bladder, urge incontinence does exactly what its name implies: It causes such a strong urge to urinate that you leak urine and/or you don’t make it to the bathroom in time. Urge incontinence is often caused by nerve dysfunction.
You can have stress and urge incontinence at them same time, a condition called mixed incontinence.
Before treating urinary incontinence, your Mayfair Family Care doctor may recommend urodynamic studies to assess issues such as urine flow, the amount of urine that stays in your bladder after urinating, and the amount of pressure in your bladder. The results or your urodynamic studies are then used to create customized treatment.
Your treatment plan for urinary incontinence may include one or more of the following:
Like all the muscles in your body, you can strengthen your pelvic floor muscles and regain better control of your bladder by practicing pelvic floor exercises. It’s also possible to train your bladder to delay urination even when the urge strikes.
A pessary is a small device shaped like a diaphragm or a cube. You insert the pessary into your vagina, where it treats stress incontinence by supporting the bladder and urethra. Collagen injections also treat stress incontinence by strengthening your muscles.
Your Mayfair Family Care doctor may prescribe one of several medications that calm an overactive bladder. Postmenopausal women may also benefit from topical estrogen, which helps tone and rejuvenate urethral tissues.
Don’t continue to suffer with urinary incontinence. Call Mayfair Family Care or schedule an appointment online today.