Dry skin, hoarseness, hair loss, unexplained weight loss, and tremors are all possible signs of thyroid problems. They’re also signs of many possible health problems, which is why the exceptional doctors at Mayfair Family Care in Chicago take extra time to evaluate your symptoms, run diagnostic tests, and get to the cause of the problem. When you have a thyroid disorder, they create individualized thyroid therapy to restore your health and wellness. If you develop ongoing symptoms, no matter how generic, call the Lincoln Square office or schedule an appointment online today.
Your thyroid gland produces several important hormones. One of them, calcitonin, regulates blood levels of calcium. When you need thyroid therapy, however, it’s most often due to an imbalance in two other hormones — triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) — that are collectively referred to as your thyroid hormones.
Thyroid hormones regulate your metabolism, affecting nearly every part of your body and influencing your:
Your body maintains tight control of thyroid hormones. You only need a slight imbalance, either too much or too little hormone, to cause problems throughout your body.
Hypothyroidism refers to an underactive thyroid gland, which means your hormone levels are too low. An autoimmune condition called Hashimoto’s disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism.
When your thyroid gland is underactive, your metabolism slows down and you develop symptoms such as:
Untreated hypothyroidism may cause high cholesterol, nerve damage, and infertility.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid gland is too active and releases an excessive amount of hormones. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that often causes hyperthyroidism, but you can also develop the condition from active thyroid nodules that produce hormones.
Hyperthyroidism speeds up your metabolism, causing symptoms such as:
When an overactive thyroid goes untreated, it can cause osteoporosis and less commonly, eye symptoms such as dry or bulging eyes.
Your Mayfair Family Care doctor provides different therapies, depending on whether you have an underactive or overactive thyroid. The primary treatment for hypothyroidism is thyroid hormone replacement therapy to bring your blood levels back to normal.
Hyperthyroidism treatment typically includes medication that either shrinks the size of the thyroid gland or reduces hormone production. If your symptoms continue despite medication, your Mayfair Family Care doctor may recommend seeing a specialist to remove part or all of your thyroid gland.
If you develop any symptoms of hypo- or hyperthyroidism, call Mayfair Family Care or schedule an appointment online.